網路安全資料館
 

2010網路安全日-THINK BEFORE YOU POST!

2013-01-25


每年二月歐盟的INSAFE會選出一日,與世界各國一起慶祝「網路安全日」。今年的網路安全日訂在2月9日,全球共有60多個國家舉辦各種比賽或活動,共同宣導網路安全相關的議題。今年網路安全日的焦點是「Think Before You Post」,提醒大家在張貼自己的個人資訊、照片或短片前,先停下來思考張貼後的影響,以免觸法或是造成無法挽回的後果。
 
現代網路科技不斷推陳出新,網友們可以輕易的PO上自己的資訊、照片、短片, 讓親朋好友了解自己的近況;只要再加上一點創意,及社群網站的功能,還可以讓自己成為「網路名人」。網路新科技讓每個人簡單的show出最酷最美的自己, 但一不小心,也可能讓自己陷入困窘的情境中。因為任何你PO上網的東西,所有人都可以看到。你的家人、你的朋友,甚至是心懷不軌的陌生人!你不知道誰在看 你的照片,你也不知道他們會拿你的照片做什麼事。而且,任何東西一旦放到網路上,就不會有消失的一天...So, think before you post

以下是許多網友最常張貼的資料,卻容易導致傷害自己或別人的後果。
  公開自己的個人資料(包括:就讀的學校班級、住址、手機等):
犯罪集團可能盜用你的個人資料進行違法的事情。未成年者的個資不僅容易讓綁架或詐騙集團進行犯罪,線上的誘拐者更可以藉由部落格的自我介紹、照片、網誌,了解你的生活、家人與喜好,輕易的進行誘拐的行為。所以個人資料應該謹慎的公開與張貼。
 
  張貼自己的私密照:
許多人認為放在相簿內的私密照只要上鎖,就可以安全的跟好友分享,又不會被陌生人看到。但是網路上的駭客卻可以輕鬆的破解你的密碼,看到你最私密的照片,散佈到網路上,分享給其他網友,甚至被色情網站使用。
 
  張貼別人的私密照:
你可能認為好東西要和好朋友分享,但是如果你張貼的是達猥褻程度的私密照,你可能已經觸犯了刑法第235,有可能被處二年以下有期徒刑、拘役或科或併科三萬元以下罰金。若影像中是未滿18歲的兒少,則違反兒童及少年性交易防制條例,處罰有可能高達三年以下有期徒刑,得併科新臺幣五百萬元以下罰金!
 
  毀謗他人的言論:
雖然網路具有匿名性,但還是要對自己的發言負責。只要涉及個人隱私或名譽也是會觸法的。運用IP追蹤,可以找到發文毀謗的人,最高有可能處兩年以下有徒刑,拘役或一千元以下罰金。
相關新聞
 
(刑法310條《誹謗罪》:
(第一項) 意圖散佈於眾而指責或傳送足於毀損他人名譽之事者,為誹謗罪,處一年以下有期徒刑,拘役或五百元以下罰金。
(第二項)散佈文字、圖畫前項之罪之罪者,處兩年以下有期徒刑,拘役或一千元以下罰金。
(第三項)對於所誹謗之事能名是位真實者不罰,但涉於私德而與公共利益無關者,不在此限。)
 
  霸凌的影片:
上傳或轉貼一段欺負別人的文字/短片到網路/手機上,這樣的行為與現場的欺凌 者並無不同,甚至更加嚴重。因為你的一個小動作,將讓受害者的傷痛在網路上不停流傳,無法停止,也不會有消失的一天。受害者身上的傷可以痊癒,但是精神與 心理受到的傷害與創傷,會隨著每一次影片的播放,不斷的重覆上演。一分鐘的小動作,卻可能會造成別人十年或二十年的傷。試著站在被欺負者的立場想,請不要 張貼同學被霸凌的影片。
 
在張貼任何訊息前,請三思而後貼:
 
1. 公開張貼這些訊息,是否會讓自己身處在危險中嗎?(例如:有心人士知道自己的住所或就讀學校?)
2. 你願意讓這些影像持續在網路上流傳,甚至一直到10年後嗎?
3. 張貼這些訊息/影像是否會造成別人的傷害?如果你是影片中的人,你願意這樣被張貼到網路上嗎?

更多『Think before you post!』的影片:
Everybody knows you online

Everybody knows you online Happy Safer Internet Day! Today marks the seventh edition of the event. Celebrations are taking in more than 60 countries on all 5 continents across the world, from Canada to South Korea, and Russia to Kenya and including all 27 countries of the European Union. 
"Online safety concerns all of us. Young people across Europe spend a good part of their leisure time, playing, interacting and learning on the web. The overall traffic on social networking sites has grown enormously over the last three years," said Viviane Reding, patron of Safer Internet Day for the sixth consecutive year, European Commissioner for Information Society and Media.<i> "Therefore, it is even more our responsibility as Europeans to make the online world a safe and secure environment that everyone can enjoy”.
Safer Internet Day 2010 celebrates the theme "Think B4 U Post". Once an image is posted online, it’s hard, if not impossible, to take it back. Anyone can see it. The goal is not to prevent young people from using these sites, but to make them aware of the risks of sharing personal information online and to encourage them to control their online identity by thinking carefully about the consequences.
 
Figures released this week from a European online survey[1] underscore the need to empower young people to wisely manage their personal information online. 57 % of young people state that they realise it is not safe to post personal information on their blog or social networking site. Yet 44% provide personal details on the net and one in eight give their home address. 40% of parents across Europe admit they do not monitor their children’s online movements or internet postings …
 
Hundreds of online and offline activities are organised today to celebrate the wonderful opportunities internet offers and focus the attention of all children and teenagers, on the means to manage their online identity in a responsible way. Descriptions of national celebrations are available on the Safer Internet Day fair (www.sidfair.org), a collaborative platform where the public can visit, leave comments in the guest books and share images, ideas, tips and resources of more than 70 profiles created by national Safer Internet Day committees and international organisations. The European Commission will present its assessment of the implementation of the "Safer Social Networking Principles of the EU" at the European Parliament in Strasbourg on that day. A European quiz for the 9-15 year olds will be launched (www.sid2010quiz.org), thanks to the support of our golden sponsor Liberty Global Inc. and silver sponsor Microsoft, while a poster competition will give the 5-8 year olds the opportunity to express what they think about online safety.
 
Safer Internet Day 2010 will also mark the launch of the web version of the highly popular eSafety toolkit (www.esafetykit.net) developed by Insafe in collaboration with Liberty Global Inc. and supported by the European Commission. Localised versions for Ireland, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Austria, Netherlands, Spain, Romania and Belgium are now online, and more language versions will become available in the coming months, offering an indispensable resource for parents, teachers and librarians throughout Europe and beyond. 
 
Visit our website www.saferinternet.org and look up the website of your national awareness centre to get tips on how to protect your privacy online.
 
To learn more about Safer Internet Day meetings in your region or at the international level this year, stay posted at: www.saferinternetday.org and check out the SID fair www.sidfair.org.


[1] Online survey conducted by Microsoft in January 2010;  14,181 responses from 11 countries. 

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